Depression in seniors, as with all people, doesn’t always need relate to a major mishap or life change, (these can, however, be triggers). Rather, depression is a state of mind during which an individual is troubled by feelings such as hopelessness, sadness, and fatigue, and often without any tangible reason.

Depression can affect anyone across all age ranges. Depression in seniors is called geriatric depression. Here, we go over the signs and symptoms of depression in seniors as well as taking a look at possible causes, and some treatment options.

Signs and Symptoms

Depression in seniors, or geriatric depression, doesn’t announce its arrival. Sometimes, it slowly seeps in, while in other instances, the change is sudden. There are a few signs and symptoms which medical practitioners use to make a diagnosis of depression, these include:

  • Constant anxiety and helplessness
  • Persistent, regular periods of sadness
  • A blank look, staring at nothing in particular
  • Disinterest in activities that were once stimulating
  • Fatigue, leading to lethargic movement and, potentially, slurred speech
  • Escalating alcohol consumption and/or substance abuse
  • Suicidal tendencies
  • Difficulty remembering simple things
  • Ignoring personal hygiene
  • Insomnia or oversleeping

While many of these signs and symptoms can easily be mistaken for signs of grief, medical practitioners will be able to differentiate normal emotions from clinical depression.

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What can cause depression in seniors?

Since it is primarily a psychological disorder, there are many potential causes of depression. Sometimes, in the elderly, physical problems or prolonged illnesses can lead to depression.

This doesn’t mean that physical ailments are the only source of depression. Isolation can also be a contributing factor. For this reason, if you or someone you love is senior and spends a lot of time alone, try to arrange to make contact more often. This can be achieved through simple things like a visit or a phone call.

The passing of a partner or loved one can also contribute to feelings of depression.


The causes of depression in seniors may be numerous, but there are several ways to tackle this potentially debilitating condition. It is important to note that clinical depression must be diagnosed. If medications are necessary, they need to be prescribed by a medical practitioner.

Some treatments for depression that do not involved medication include:

Regular exercise

This does not have to be physically taxing. A short walk around the block, a few stretches, or even a yoga class for seniors are all beneficial.

Counseling sessions

Counseling sessions are a great way for people to work through their feelings. Sessions which are geared specifically towards helping with geriatric depression are of particular use.

Games and activities

Games and activities that were once enjoyed are a great way to relax and socialize with others.

Reduce alcohol consumption

Alcohol is a known depressant.

Eat right

Follow the diet prescribed by your doctor. If your doctor has not prescribed a specific diet, try to eat healthful and balanced meals.

This content comprises informative and educational resources only and can not be considered as a substitute for professional health or medical guidance. Reliance on any information provided in this article is solely at your own risk. If you have any inquiries or apprehensions about your medical condition or health goals, talk with a licensed physician or healthcare provider.