Alzheimer’s disease has no cure and can get worse as time goes on. It destroys the brain cells of the patient, with varying effects as the disease progresses. It can alter memories, thoughts, and even cause behavioral changes. In the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease care, the patient can usually continue with most of their usual functions. Of course, as the disease progresses, the type of care needed can change. They will require supervision and an easily-maintained routine. Let’s take a look at what type of care is expected for Alzheimer’s patients.

Please consult your doctor for medical advice as the article is for the educational purpose only.

Nurse providing care to a senior female Alzheimer's patient

When Should Alzheimer’s Patients Go Into Care?

When a patient should go into care depends on two factors. The first is the stage they are in. The second has to do with the home caregiver and how much support they can offer.

There are three stages that an Alzheimer’s patient will go through. The first is mild, involving some memory issues, as well as difficulties with concentration, problem-solving, and writing. Despite these issues, the patient can usually maintain their independence.

In the moderate stage, there are more significant changes. They may have difficulty remembering loved ones, following instructions, or performing normal daily tasks. They may also have sleep issues or wander off. Even their personality can be affected.

If you can create a routine and provide them with constant supervision, you can still keep them at home at this stage. Of course, this can be overwhelming, especially since the patient will get progressively worse. If you’re unable to give them the required support, they may need to go into care at this time.

Alzheimer’s patients in the severe stage require constant care since they can’t perform most activities on their own. They have little to no memory left and may not even be aware of where they are. These patients need around-the-clock care that can rarely be managed at home.

What type of care is needed?

The type of care that is needed for an Alzheimer’s patient depends on their stage. Those in the mild stage may only need some gentle reminders and support when their memory or functions fail. The moderate stage requires more care since the patient will require near-constant supervision.

For the severe stage of Alzheimer’s, the patient will need constant supervision to ensure their safety. They will be unable to perform even simple tasks on their own, requiring assistance with walking, eating, and sitting up. Not every family has the ability to care for these patients, so a care home may be needed.

How do you keep someone with Alzheimer’s at home?

If you plan to keep an Alzheimer’s patient at home, there are specific measures you can take. First, create a routine for daily tasks, with some spontaneous activities available. There should be minimal distractions during meals and limited naps to help them sleep at night. Most of all, the patient needs love and gentle support.

An Alzheimer’s patient also needs a safe environment. Handrails and grab bars in critical areas are a must. There should also be nothing to trip them up, like rugs or clutter. Keep anything dangerous, like firearms, chemicals, lighters, or medicines locked up. Prevent burns by checking the water temperature or installing a lower thermostat on the water heater.

This content comprises informative and educational resources only and can not be considered as a substitute for professional health or medical guidance. Reliance on any information provided in this article is solely at your own risk. If you have any inquiries or apprehensions about your medical condition or health goals, talk with a licensed physician or healthcare provider.