The current healthcare system allows us to live longer than ever before. Of course, even modern science can’t prevent our bodies from eventually wearing down. Though not everyone experiences the same issues, most seniors face a few common geriatric problems. Genetics, lifestyle, and other factors contribute to several medical conditions, some of which are treatable while others are ongoing.

Whether you’ve been diagnosed with one of these issues or a less frequent condition, treatment options may be available. These include restorative therapies and relaxation techniques. Your doctor can recommend the proper treatments for any health concerns or complications you may have. For more information on the top 3 medical issues seniors face, check the following sections.

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Nurse holding shoulders of a smiling patient going through memory rehab having geriatric problems.

Common Geriatric Problems

Sleep issues, hearing loss, vision problems, and reduced muscle mass and strength are frequent in seniors. Despite how often such conditions occur, they aren’t the most common issues seniors face. In fact, falls, cognitive impairments, and depression are the top 3 concerns among those over 65.


Falls are most often the cause of injuries among seniors and are frequently related to mortality in those over 80. The cause of such falls results from medication side effects, safety hazards, malnutrition, weakness, and dizziness. Some medical conditions, such as loss of vision, reduced mobility, arthritis, or osteoporosis, may also contribute.

Unlike some common geriatric problems, falls are preventable in many cases. Physical therapy, strength training, and balance exercises can help build muscle and improve mobility. Supplements and medication alterations are also helpful. Home safety assessments locate obstacles and tripping hazards, removing them for easy movement around your living space.

Mental cognitive problems

Another of the most common geriatric problems is cognitive impairment, though in many cases, the symptoms are minor. Unfortunately, in many cases, these cognitive issues are only the beginning. Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and other forms of dementia are chronic disorders with no cure. Strokes and traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are also possible causes of cognitive decline. Though it’s possible to reduce or slow the progression of these symptoms, the damage is often never repaired.

Individuals may experience concentration issues, forgetfulness, confusion, mood changes, and difficulty speaking.

Such concerns have various causes, including medication side effects, medical conditions, depression, or lifestyle choices. With the proper diagnosis and treatment, the symptoms can improve or disappear altogether.


Though depression isn’t related to how our bodies age, it is still one of the most common geriatric problems. Depression in seniors is becoming widespread. Several reasons account for this condition among elderly individuals. For instance, seniors are often isolated due to the passing of partners and close friends, retirement, or financial constraints.

Medical conditions also contribute since a lack of mobility prevents them from traveling even short distances. The opposite is also true, with depression contributing to certain health issues. Proper eating habits and exercise are disregarded, resulting in malnutrition, obesity, loss of muscle strength, and reduced balance.

Social engagements are ignored or avoided, and the lack of stimulation leads to cognitive and communication issues. Seeking treatment, such as therapy, physical activity, and medication, can improve depression symptoms for better quality of life.


This content comprises informative and educational resources only and can not be considered as a substitute for professional health or medical guidance. Reliance on any information provided in this article is solely at your own risk. If you have any inquiries or apprehensions about your medical condition or health goals, talk with a licensed physician or healthcare provider.