Dialysis, also known as renal replacement therapy, is an artificial way of removing waste and water from the blood. Doctors are likely to recommend dialysis for someone who has lost most of their kidney function. However, temporary dialysis interventions can also improve kidney function.
There are two main types of dialysis treatment – hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Hemodialysis, which is more common, cleanses the blood by extracting it and filtering it through a dialysis machine. The cleansed blood is then circulated back into the body.
Peritoneal dialysis, another type of dialysis treatment, involves a dialysis solution being fed into the abdominal cavity through a catheter. Here, after a few hours, the fluid absorbs waste products and the machine then removes the fluid.
Another variety of peritoneal dialysis is continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, which doesn’t require a machine, and gives you more independence.
All dialysis requires the insertion of tubes into your veins or abdomen. This raises the chances of infection, making hygiene and good nursing and medical practices essential.