There are a wide range of chronic conditions that may lead to breathing problems. These include asthma, bronchitis, asbestosis, lung cancer, and COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease).
A pulmonary embolism is a blood clot in the lung which can severely affect your breathing. Furthermore, lung infections such as tuberculosis or pneumonia can cause a build-up of fluid in the lungs. In severe cases this can lead to patients gasping for breath.
Heart conditions such as congenital heart disease, congestive heart failure and coronary artery disease can also cause breathing problems. These conditions affect the heart’s ability to pump oxygen-rich blood around the body, making breathing more difficult.
Other common causes include allergies, a chest infection, a cold, stress, anxiety and panic attacks. Being obese or unfit can also affect your breathing, so be sure to exercise regularly and eat a balanced diet.