Over time, health institutions have built up a range of defences to combat the spread of infections. The key is having high cleanliness standards and always following basic personal and public hygiene rules.
It’s important to understand how infections occur and spread. Infections are caused by tiny pathogens – bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. They enter the body through the air or when you touch a contaminated surface and then your face.
That is why it is best to do everything possible to prevent ourselves from getting infection and letting it spread.
If infected, any health problems you have may be aggravated. Such infections interfere with the body’s normal functioning, making you feel unwell.
Elderly people and those with underlying health issues, such as heart disease or respiratory problems, are particularly at risk. Here are three simple ways to prevent infection from spreading.